The Boucherouite carpet: a specificity of the Moroccan rural tribes
The Boucherouite carpet, considered as a decorative object stemming from “poor art”, was born following economic, social and cultural changes in the rural areas of Morocco. The nomadic breeding of herds leaves little by little place to the sedentary agriculture and to other more modern forms of employment. The wool used as raw raw material for the manufacture of carpets for domestic use thus becomes increasingly difficult to find. As wool is now scarce and valuable, Moroccan tribes have to overcome this obstacle and find alternative materials.
It is thus naturally that the Boucherouite carpet, which means “pieces of cloth” in Arabic, makes its appearance. This Berber carpet is relatively recent since its manufacture developed in the years 60-70 within the often very modest households of the plains of Morocco, and in particular near the cities of Beni Mellal and Boujad. However, and contrary to the Berber carpets traditionally knotted before the 1950’s and 60’s whose style is easily distinguishable according to the regions, no real conclusion about the true regional origin of the Boucherouite carpet can be drawn on the basis of specific technical or stylistic characteristics.
Since the 90s, the manufacture of Boucherouite carpets and Berber blankets, with the most diverse substitute materials and in a style largely liberated from traditional patterns, has been accepted even among the Berber tribes more distant from the mountainous regions of the High and Middle Atlas.
The making of the Boucherouite carpet
If we focus on the more unusual materials used to make these carpets which, like the traditional carpets, were produced for domestic needs without any commercial intention, Boucherouite carpets reveal an incredible vitality and a singular creativity which demonstrate an evolution of the Moroccan textile culture.
Moroccan weavers compose these Berber carpets using recycled materials, strips and threads of rags mixed with a wide variety of worn clothing and textile materials such as wool, cotton, synthetic fibers, lurex or nylon. The colors being chosen rather quickly, the design of the Boucherouite carpet is relatively spontaneous and the sometimes multicolored final result is considered as a memory of the past of the Moroccan woman, the symbol of a sometimes unconscious memory. Boucherouite carpets are as much an explosion of bright and warm colors as the expression of the delicacy and sensitivity of the Berber weaver.
The weavers of Boucherouite Berber carpets do not try to imitate or reproduce elements of the nature that surrounds them, but create by following what they feel. More than a simple carpet, the Boucherouite is the result of an abstract artistic expression of the perception of sensations.
The composition of the Boucherouite carpet represents a creative interweaving of a wide variety of abstract patterns, shapes and bright colors to create a sometimes well-ordered, sometimes vibrant and colorful whole.
The most characteristic and at the same time the most confusing Boucherouite carpets with ethnic style are the carpets without leitmotif and without easily identifiable pattern. The surface of the Berber Boucherouite carpet is covered with shapes that blend into each other, lines that expand, unstable zigzags, contours that change color, narrowing and widening in which something entirely unrecognizable seems to take shape.
What is often surprising in this Berber carpet is the contrast between the recycled textiles and poor materials used for its manufacture and the incredible richness of the composition. A marvel of Berber art, the Boucherouite carpet is distinguished not only by its authenticity and aestheticism, but also by the sincerity that emerges from it.
The Boucherouite carpet – an undeniable artistic richness
Of an undeniable artistic richness and created without any sketch or predefined model, you can use the Boucherouite carpet in different ways: installed on the floor or on the wall, like an artist’s painting.
All the Boucherouite Berber carpets proposed by Passion Berbère are authentic and unique since they are made without preparation or predefined design. The Boucherouite carpet will bring poetry to your interior with its deconstructed patterns, its fantasy and its bright colors.
Joyful patchwork with ethnic style and real work of art, the Boucherouite carpet will perfectly combine with a modern, contemporary or vintage decoration and will make you travel in the country of thousand contrasts and colors!